How To Propagate Caladium?

In the wild, caladium can propagate 1-2 feet in height and their broad & long leaves can measure anywhere from 6 to 18 inches in length.

The caladium plant has more than a thousand named cultivars.

Although there are now miniature variations in cultivation, most cultivars grow to be about 24 inches high and 24 inches broad.

Botanical name: Caladium hortulanum.

Family: Araceae.

What is Caladium?

Caladium is also known as Elephant Ear, Angel Wings or Heart of Jesus, it has remarkable leaves with an arrow shape that are paper thin and exquisitely marked.

It is a well-liked flowering plant with roughly seven different species that are native to South and Central America.

They are now naturalised in places like India, portions of Africa, and several tropical islands.

White, pink, and red are the most prevalent hues.

From late spring to early autumn, this brilliant Caladium leaf is only seen for a short time.

The Caladium plant stays dormant, which is a natural trait of this plant, and the leaves die.

When the foliage falls, the tubers that propagate caladium can be kept and planted again the following year to produce new plants.

These plants mature and expand quickly.

How To Propagate Caladium

Indoor Care for White, Pink and Red Caladium:

Light requirement:

Away from bright sunlight, caladium thrives best in mild to complete shade.

There are more recent Caladium types that have thinner leaves and can withstand some direct sunshine.

Water requirement:

During the growing season, Caladium needs a lot of water to keep the soil constantly moist and from drying up.

Watering should be reduced during the cold season because growth is modest at this time.

Make sure the container has a drainage hole so that the soil doesn’t become soggy, which can lead to root rot.

Temperature requirement:

During the growing season, an average warmth of at least 150C is ideal for growing caladiums indoors.

The plant grows better when the temperature is higher.

Protect your plant from cold draughts because caladium can’t propagate in the cold.

Humidity requirement:

To thrive, caladiums require a damp atmosphere.

Put the container on a tray filled with wet pebbles to increase humidity.

Dust can be removed from your Caladium’s leaves by periodically damp-wiping them with a soft cloth.

Fertiliser requirement:

For the best possible growth, caladium needs to be given enough nutrients.

Apply a water-soluble, balanced fertiliser once a week while it is growing to Caladium, or feed it with a slow-release fertiliser when you plant it.

When a caladium is dormant, avoid feeding it because this could cause fertiliser burn.

Soil Requirement:

A well-draining, all-purpose organic potting mix is required for your caladium.

Mulching:

The biggest threat to caladium is a lock of water.

The soil will require less water if mulch is spread on top to assist it to retain moisture.

How to Propagate Caladium?

Growing caladium plants is simple.

Divide the dormant tubers to create new plants from your existing Caladium plant.

The steps for growing caladium plants by dividing their tubers are listed below:

1. In the fall, after the leaves have fallen off, dig up your caladium plant.

To lift the entire plant, carefully dig out your caladium. Avoid damaging the tubers by being careful.

2. Split the caladium tubers.

Divide the Caladium tubers into equal pieces using a sharp knife. Give the tubers a week or two to dry.

The tubers should then be covered in dry peat moss and kept throughout the winter.

3. In the spring, sow the caladium tubers in a fresh container.

Put each Caladium tuber in a fresh container.

Plant the tubers sufficiently apart. Planting each one in a separate pot is ideal.

After planting, immediately water the new plant. until the roots are well-established, water every two to three days.

4. Position the new caladium plant in a location that receives bright indirect sun.

A location with strong indirect sunlight is ideal for your new Caladium plant.

Keep it out of direct sunlight to propagate caladium.

Maintain a warm, humid environment for your Caladium plant.

Problems with indoor caladium (Caladium hortulanum):

1. Caladium Brown Leaf Blotches:

Sunburn marks on Caladium leaves are caused by the plant being exposed to strong sunlight.

Since it thrives in settings of partial shade to shadow, shield your caladium from direct sunlight or relocate it to a shady area.

2. Dying caladium:

One of the essential properties of caladiums is that they naturally decay.

Before storing the Caladium tubers, ensure sure they are totally dry to avoid rotting.

3. Pests of caladium:

Caladium pests include caterpillars and aphids.

Check your Caladium frequently for ragged leaf margins, which are a sign of pest infestation.

4. Caladium diseases:

Caladium is vulnerable to fungi that emerge from dormant tubers.

Apply the following treatments to the tubers before planting or storing them to protect your Caladium from these diseases.

To get rid of any fungi present, submerge the caladium tubers in water that has been boiled to 500C for around 30 minutes.

To prevent rotting, make sure the Caladium tubers are completely dry before storing them.

How to Repot Cadmium?

Caladium only grows for a short time before going into slumber, thus repotting is not required.

Pruning Caladium Techniques

It’s easy to prune caladium.

To keep the plant tidy and lower the risk of disease and pest infestation, remove yellow and dried leaves.

When growth is finished, trim the dead foliage off of the Caladium bulbs.

FAQ: How to Propagate Caladium?

Q1. How can I grow Caladium more quickly?

They thrive in heat, so the warmer the earth and air when you plant them, the quicker they will grow.

According to Caladium World, you should not plant your caladium bulbs until the evening lows are consistently over 65 degrees Fahrenheit.

Q2. Caladiums: Are They Perennials?

Yes, Caladiums are perennials.

Q3. How Long Do Caladium Bulbs Take To Sprout?

Caladium bulbs can grow in as little as 4 weeks or as long as 2 months, but typically it takes 8 to 10 weeks.

Q4. Is Caladium Toxic for Humans?

Caladiums have a horrible taste, yet they are not poisonous to people.

When handling caladium, it’s important to avoid getting sap on your hands or clothing because it can burn your skin or leave a lasting stain.

5. Can you grow caladiums from leaves?

The plant caladium is simple to reproduce. It is simple to maintain and may grow in a wide variety of media.

Some individuals use cuttings, some use seeds, and some propagate caladium by removing the leaves.

Also read: How to Grow a Magnolia Tree from Seed?

Conclusion:

Caladium propagation is a continual process.

The healthy plant’s tuberous roots will keep producing tiny tubers, which you can separate and plant to create new Caladiums.

They do indeed love to give everything they’ve got!

Hello & welcome to Gardenstory! I'm Rushali and I have a passion for all garden design, decor, and renovation. I am a serial renovator, currently working as Civil Engineer. Look around, leave a comment, and don't forget to subscribe to my emails so you don't miss out!

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