Magnolia Tree Definitive Guide!

Once you see a magnolia tree, you will never forget its beautiful flowers or its sweet lemon scent.

If you want to decorate your yard with a magnolia tree, this article will help you with everything you need to know about the varieties to choose from based on the available space and the climate where you live.

These plants may look delicate from a distance, but they are tough they are older than any other flowering plant on earth.

We will demonstrate the magnolia, when to plant it, and how to care for it.

The best thing about magnolias is the low maintenance so planting and caring for a magnolia tree is a wonderful experience.

So, it’s best to do it correctly!

What is the Meaning of the Magnolia Flower?

Magnolias have long been a favourite of people, many meanings have been connected to these gorgeous blossoms.

A powerful symbol of endurance, longevity, immortality and prestige, this genus has a long history of being remarkably adaptable with strong carpels that bees have evolved to resist injury by pollinating bees.

The magnolia is a beautiful flower like many other magnificent flowers; the huge, brash blooms of magnolia blossoms make them symbols of majesty.

Giving a woman magnolia is a gesture to respect and appreciation for her nobility.

The magnolia also represents self-respect, moral courage, eternity, and life energy.

Hence, it makes sense why Mongolia is a common choice for weddings and birth ceremonies as a symbol of strength and love.

Magnolia Tree

Meaning of Different Magnolia Colors:

The white and pink magnolia blossoms are indisputably well known to you, the magnolia tree can appear in a range of colours.

Let’s look at the symbolism of each colour as follows:

  • White magnolias stand for excellence, chastity, and eternity.
  • Pink magnolias represent happiness, purity, and youth.
  • Purple magnolias stand for grace and luck.
  • Green magnolias represent luck, health, and joy.

Meaning of Magnolia Flowers in Different Countries:

Magnolia blossoms have a particular significance in some nations.

The jade orchid also known as Magnolia denudate an often pure to creamy white, yellow or pink, it is highly prized in China.

The magnolia denudata, a tree that stands for purity and nobility supports the sentiments that are being conveyed by the person who is giving the gift.

Magnolias served as a representation of female attractiveness in ancient China, they are also connected to the Yin, the feminine aspect of reality.

In Japanese culture, magnolia flowers are associated with a love of the sublime and the natural world. Magnolias are used medicinally in addition to being a pretty plant.

The official state tree of Mississippi is also referred to as the “Magnolia State”.

Magnolia trees that flourished along the banks of the Buffalo Bayou River gave the Texas city of Houston its nickname.

In the US, the magnolia, which is closely related to the South, is a sign of impending spring.

In England, magnolia blooms also signify pride, grandeur, and dignity.

Asia, North and South America, and Europe collectively have over 210 different varieties of magnolia trees.

It is simple to pick a species of tree that precisely complements your yard because the trees’ sizes range significantly.

The lesser species can reach heights of 15 feet, while the larger species can grow to heights of 80 feet and widths of 40 feet.

Here are a few of the most common varieties of magnolia trees as follows:

1. Ann Magnolia Tree:

Ann Magnolia Tree

A small garden would be the ideal place for Ann Magnolia because of its 8–10 feet height and width.

This tree blooms a little later than other magnolia kinds to escape spring frosts.

It was formed in the 1950s as a cross between Magnolia Stellata and Magnolia Nigra by two breeders who were aiming for a late-flowering magnolia.

It bears huge up to 9-inch-long flowers that erupt from the branches like goblets.

2. Butterfly Magnolia Tree:

Butterfly Magnolia Tree

The Butterfly Magnolia is a rare kind of yellow magnolia with tulip-like blooms.

It is a single-trunk shrub that can reach a height of 20 feet and is a resilient plant that does well even in cooler climates.

The Butterfly Magnolia can start blooming in February if the climate is warm enough.

Despite being a creation from the 1980s, it is still fairly unique which adds to its specialness.

3. Cucumber Magnolia Tree:

Cucumber Magnolia Tree

This plant also goes by the name Magnolia acuminata, although its common name from the fruits’ cucumber-like appearance.

The variety that thrives even in milder climates is the cucumber tree, which matures to a height of 60 to 80 feet.

The tree has huge, glossy leaves that can be up to 10 inches tall, but the blossoms are less noticeable and just 2 inches long.

4. Jane Magnolia Tree:

Jane Magnolia Tree

When fully grown, the shrub-like Jane Magnolia can reach heights of 15 feet and a width of 10 feet.

Tree blossoms in the spring and summer.

If your Jane magnolia doesn’t appear to be flowering while other garden blooms.

Jane magnolias often bloom a few weeks later than other kinds, but their month-long delicate pink blooms are still quite lovely.

5. Magnolia Stellata Tree:

Magnolia Stellata Tree

The Star magnolia is a lovely early bloomer that produces white flowers in the shape of stars in the early spring.

It grows to a maximum height and spread of 6 feet.

The Magnolia Stellata or Star Magnolia is perfect for compact gardens.

It makes up for its diminutive size with a profusion of stunning white flowers shaped like stars.

It’s essential to allow this shrub adequate room to grow because it doesn’t do well when surrounded by other plants.

March or April is when Magnolia Stellata blooms.

6. Lily Magnolia Tree:

Lily Magnolia Tree

One of the lesser varieties of magnolias, Lily Magnolia trees mature at only 8 to 10 feet tall.

You can use this shrub to create a focal point in your garden thanks to the exquisite beauty of its lily-shaped pink or reddish-purple flowers, but you can also find it in hedges.

7. Magnolia Soulangea Tree:

Magnolia Soulangea Tree

The white-and-pink blossoms of the Saucer magnolia are shaped like a saucer.

It can develop into a tall, spherical shrub with several stems if it is not clipped.

This is one of the most well-liked varieties of magnolia, sometimes known as Saucer Magnolia.

The shrub spreads out to a width and height of 20–25 feet.

Depending on the environment where you live, flowers typically bloom in March.

Flowers can be white, pink, dark pink, or any combination of these colours.

8. Sweet bay Magnolia Tree:

Sweet bay Magnolia Tree

The Sweetbay Magnolia tree tolerates wet soil and is typically a deciduous plant, it may become evergreen.

In warm southern areas, Sweetbay Magnolias can reach heights of 50 feet, while in cooler regions they rarely reach heights of more than 30 feet.

Because it blooms somewhat late in May or possibly June, this kind of magnolia avoids spring frosts.

A strong citrus aroma emanates from its creamy-white blossoms.

The crimson fruit of the sweet bay Magnolia tree attracts a variety of grey squirrels, turkeys, and quail in addition to different songbirds like towhees, Northern flickers, and blue jays.

9. Teddy Bear Magnolia Tree:

Teddy Bear Magnolia Tree

Unlike many magnolias with crown-shaped leaves, the Teddy Bear Magnolia grows tall and compact.

Its evergreen nature makes it the ideal choice for an unofficial hedge around your home.

The tree can reach a height of 16 feet.

The Teddy Bear Magnolia blooms with fragrant, white saucer-shaped flowers from May to October.

10. Little Gem Magnolia Tree:

Little Gem Magnolia Tree

Evergreen Little Gem Magnolia can reach heights of 15-20 feet and widths of 7–10 feet.

It flourishes in warm climates, and the full sun is ideal for planting.

11. Anise Magnolia Tree:

Anise Magnolia Tree

The anise magnolia is a deciduous tree that blooms with lovely white flowers that turn golden yellow in the fall.

It can grow up to 30 feet tall and flourish in both full sun and partial shade.

12. Bigleaf Magnolia Tree:

Bigleaf Magnolia Tree

Bigleaf Magnolia is an excellent example of a deciduous plant (Magnolia macrophylla).

Since its leaves are the biggest simple leaves in North America, the plant gets its name.

The tree blooms in late spring that reaches heights of 30–40 feet and a width of 20–30 feet.

13. Loebner Magnolia Tree:

Loebner Magnolia Tree

A hybrid of the Star and Kobus magnolias is known as the Loebner magnolia.

It is a little species that can grow to a height of 20 to 30 feet.

The tree usually has several stems, but you can prune them into one central leader.

Before the emergence of the foliage in the spring, fragrant star-shaped pink and white blooms that are 4-6 inches across bloom.

As compared to other magnolias, the dark green, oval leaves are shorter not more than 5 inches.

14. Susan Magnolia Tree:

Susan Magnolia Tree

Susan Magnolia is a little tree with a height and width of up to 10 feet.

It is a member of the “Little Girl” group of magnolias, which includes the Ann variety and is built to bloom in the latter part of spring to avoid frosts.

In the late summer, the eye-catching fuchsia blossoms occasionally reappear, it grows most effectively in an area that is shielded from powerful winds.

15. Ashe’s Magnolia Tree:

Ashe’s Magnolia Tree

If you prune this magnolia, it will eventually become a little tree instead of a huge shrub.

The length of its exquisite white blossoms can reach one foot.

16. Black Tulip Magnolia Tree:

Black Tulip Magnolia Tree

The black tulip magnolia is admired for the unusual dark purple colour of its blossoms.

It has a spread of 6 to 10 feet maximum height of 20 feet when completely developed.

17. Royal Star Magnolia Tree:

Royal Star Magnolia Tree

The Royal Star Magnolia is the cultivar of the Magnolia Stellata.

The dazzling white flowers of this species can grow up to 5 inches which is bigger than the star-shaped flowers of the Stellata kind.

The tree should be planted in a wind- and weather-sheltered area because of its frailty, the wood is readily damaged by severe snowfall or ice.

18. Chinese Magnolia Tree (Yulan Magnolia):

Yulan Magnolia

Medium-sized Yulan Magnolia trees are indigenous to central and eastern China, it has a 40-foot maximum height and width.

Many emperors had Yulan Magnolia trees planted in front of their palaces because Buddhist monks saw them as a representation of purity.

Due to its ability to absorb poisonous gases, the plant is an efficient air purifier hence it is frequently planted as a “street tree” in China.

19. Magnolia Tulip Tree:

Magnolia Tulip Tree

The Tulip Tree is a type of magnolia also referred to as the white or yellow poplar.

Although it does best in humid environments, it is hard enough to withstand both hot and cold conditions, even in the North.

The Tulip tree is ideal as a shade tree since, unlike conventional magnolia, varieties may grow as tall as 150 feet.

Yellow blooms with vivid orange bands bloom on the Tulip Tulip tree’s upper crown.

20. Japanese Magnolia Tree:

Japanese Magnolia Tree

The Japanese Magnolia often referred to as Kobus Magnolia, is a medium-sized tree that can reach heights of 30 to 40 feet.

Early in the spring, its white flowers with pink undertones bloom.

The Kobus magnolia grows slowly and frequently produces several trunks.

It can be taller than 50 feet.

Red seeds that are released from clustered seed pods in the late fall will draw a lot of birds.

In other words, if you want a garden full of birds, this is a terrific choice.

21. Umbrella Magnolia Tree:

Umbrella Magnolia Tree

The enormous leaves of this magnolia can grow to be 24 inches long.

The most attractive medium-height magnolias are distinguished by their tiny, creamy white blossoms.

The mature height of the magnolia can reach 35 feet.

The creamy-white blossoms of this magnolia variety arrive in late April.

22. Southern Magnolia Tree:

Southern Magnolia Tree

The Southern magnolia is the official flower of Louisiana and Mississippi, it is a commanding evergreen.

Its enormous, white flowers bloom in the middle of the summer or early in the fall that is similar in size to the leaves.

This variety of magnolia prefers partial shade, unlike other varieties.

Due to the evergreen nature of the Southern Magnolia, also known as Magnolia Grandiflora, your garden will be covered in enormous, creamy white blossoms from late May until the end of the growing season.

A historic Southern magnolia tree was planted in the Washington State Park in Washington, Arkansas in 1839 by Gen. Grandison D. Royston.

Since two boys who were not connected were born to Jones families nearby in the same year, some people refer to it as the Jones Magnolia.

Planting a Magnolia Tree:

Planting a Magnolia Tree
Step 1 – Get the Soil Ready:

Make sure the hole is slightly less deep than the root ball while still being 1.5 to 2 times as wide as the magnolia ball or container.

The root ball of the magnolia should be slightly above the surrounding dirt when you plant it in the hole.

You can raise this height even further if you’re planting in clay-rich soil so that up to a quarter of the root ball is exposed.

Step 2 – Get the Plant Ready:

Carefully remove the top layer of earth from the root ball or container to uncover the top root.

Make sure to take off any burlap coverings if there are any.

To encourage root growth in container plants, use a shovel or knife to make four regularly spaced, 1″ deep cuts down the sides of the root ball.

Step 3 – Plant It:

To remove air pockets, push the dirt with your foot after adding the dug-out soil to the hole.

You can also put dirt in the water, let it drain, and then put more soil in.

Step 4 – Nourish the Root Ball:

A light layer of mulch ought to be placed over the root ball of your newly planted magnolia tree.

Step 5 – Water It:

Water your magnolia twice weekly if you live in a cold region or three times per week.

Measure the diameter of your magnolia tree’s trunk to determine how much water it needs, then multiplies it by 2-3 gallons per inch.

Step 6 – Add Some More Mulch:

You don’t need to fertilize magnolias when you plant them, but you should mulch them.

Apply a 2″ layer of mulch that is thicker if the mulch is light.

Magnolia Tree Facts:

Magnolia Tree Facts

Here are some fascinating facts before we get further into magnolia tree maintenance and how to nurture one.

Since magnolia trees are old, beetles were the only pollinator when they first came out because there were no bees in the area.

Instead of producing nectar, the flowers produce a lot of pollen, which is more enticing to beetles.

The tree is named after the French botanist Pierre Magnolia, who developed the idea of plant families.

A term we still use to organize plants with related characteristics by grouping them.

Evergreen vs Deciduous:

Magnolia trees come in two different varieties:

  • Every winter, deciduous trees lose their leaves.
  • Evergreen magnolias keep their flowers in bloom all year.

Deciduous magnolias typically have flowers before the leaves emerge.

Growing a deciduous magnolia has the benefit of making the blossoms more noticeable because there are no leaves.

Height:

The height of different varieties of magnolia trees can vary from 15 to 80 feet, and they can grow as wide as 40 feet.

This means that even if you stacked four of the world’s tallest male giraffes on top of one another, it wouldn’t be taller than the tallest magnolia tree.

Age:

Magnolia trees are incredibly old, as we’ve already observed.

To give you a clearer idea of their age, take into account the fact that the magnolia genus evolved before the oldest fossilized bees.

Magnolia fossils dating back more than 100 million years have been discovered by archaeologists, proving that dinosaurs were also able to appreciate these lovely blossoms.

Magnolia Tree Leaves:

Magnolias are loved for their flowers, but they also have intriguing leaves.

The waxy covering on magnolia leaves is oval in form and dark green made of a specific fatty acid and aids in the tree’s ability to repel pollutants and hold onto water.

They are alternately placed on branches and feel leathery.

Magnolia Tree Flower:

When you focus on a magnolia tree’s flowers, it becomes a more charming spectacle from a distance.

Bees are not particularly fond of magnolia blooms since they lack traditional petals.

In the late spring or summer, magnolias are among the most stunning plants on the planet.

Magnolia blossoms come in a variety of types including white, yellow, pinkish-purple, purple, and even green.

While some only reach 1.5 inches in width, others can reach 12 inches.

Most magnolia trees bloom before the development of their leaves which can take the form of a saucer or a star.

Tepals from magnolia trees have a leathery feel, however, the texture of magnolia blossoms might vary depending on the variety.

They are tougher than the petals of most flowers, most likely to protect them from being harmed by beetles that eat their pollen.

When Do Magnolia Trees Bloom?

The blossoms of magnolia trees of the deciduous variety develop in the early spring before the leaves.

Although they can bloom again in the early fall, evergreen magnolias typically bloom in the late spring or early summer.

Magnolia Tree Planting Tips:

Magnolia Tree Planting Tips

Full sun is preferable to light shade for magnolia trees, and vice versa.

  • Moderately rich, well-drained soil that is neutral to slightly acidic is ideal for magnolia growth.
  • The optimal time to plant deciduous magnolias is while they are latent that is late fall or winter in warm areas and early spring in cold climates.
  • Plant evergreen species as soon as spring arrives.
  • Trim any roots that are near the root ball since magnolias girdle if the roots aren’t spread out.
  •  Insert the container or root ball into a hole that is at least 1.5 times broad.
  • • Your new magnolia needs a post next to it, so install and attach it carefully to keep it stable.

Magnolia Tree Planting Mistakes:

  • Avoid planting in an area subject to strong winds as this could harm the blossoms or the brittle branches.
  • Avoid covering the root ball with the earth.
  • The depth of the root ball or the container your plant came in should be a little less than the depth of the hole you dig.
  • Your new magnolia shouldn’t be fertilized until the following growing season.
  • Planting too close to your home is not recommended since magnolia roots are not invasive, they may become obstructed by pipes if there is a leak.

How to Care for Magnolia Tree?

Southern Magnolia Tree

A magnolia tree requires little effort or effort to maintain.

If you adhere to a few basic guidelines, your magnolias tree is typically trouble-free as we have concentrated on the most important advice and widespread method of tree maintenance.

Soil:

The majority of magnolia trees thrive on somewhat acidic and neutral soils, while they can also grow in mildly alkaline soils.

Highly acidic or alkaline soil is something you want to stay away from.

Sand, clay, or loam soils are also suitable for magnolia trees.

Plant your magnolia on soil that is rich in organic matter and loamy if you want it to grow quickly.

Avoid soil compaction in the area around the tree’s root zone as you wait for it to take root in your garden.

Reduce foot traffic near the tree as much as possible, and mulch the upper portion of the root with a thin layer.

Light:

The optimum location for your magnolia tree is bright and protected from the sweltering afternoon sun.

It’s recommended to stay away from windy areas because the tree’s weak limbs will break.

Planting your magnolia tree where it receives full sun in the morning is not a problem as long as the afternoon sun doesn’t scorch it.

Water:

Magnolias don’t require a lot of watering.

Only water once per week during the planting season if the weather is between 70- and 80 degrees Fahrenheit within the first six months.

Generally speaking, you should water your magnolia twice a month after the first two growing seasons and once a week during the third.

If you planted your magnolia tree in clayey soil, concentrate on thorough watering and lessen your watering schedule.

Avoid overwatering and ensure adequate drainage as magnolias do not thrive in moist soil.

Mulch will aid in preserving the soil’s moisture.

Temperature:

Magnolias can flourish in a variety of climates including the hotter parts of the deep South and the colder parts of the North.

A beautiful and robust magnolia shouldn’t be hindered by the temperature.

They are found on every continent except Antarctica, magnolias can thrive in a variety of conditions.

Choose a cold-tolerant magnolia tree if you reside in a cold climate; these are typically late bloomers or hybrids.

You should cover your magnolia during the first winters if you have severe winters.

Fertilizer:

Late October, after the leaves have fallen is the ideal time to fertilize deciduous magnolias.

Before the soil temperature is predicted to fall below 40 degrees Fahrenheit, fertilize evergreen species three to four weeks in advance.

Magnolia Tree Pruning:

Pruning dead, crossed, and crowded branches regularly can ensure that your tree has adequate airflow through its branches.

If you wish to shorten long branches, prune young evergreen plants from the middle to the end of April.

Even though they frequently make magnolia trees look larger and more attractive, some of the lower boughs can be removed.

Pruning is little on young deciduous magnolias.

Simply cut off any broken branches or long vertical stems.

If you do choose to prune them, do so early in the spring while they are dormant.

Tips for Trimming a Magnolia Tree:

The three-cut technique should be used to remove a large branch.

Trim away any dead or damaged branches first followed by crossing or rubbing, and finally then cut out of proportion to the tree’s shape.

To remove the stub, make three cuts: the first midway through the branch, the second about 13″ from the branch collar, and the third outside the branch collar.

Pests:

Pests are not a big issue for magnolia trees.

The tree might occasionally be attacked by common pests like scales, aphids, thrips, and caterpillars, but the harm won’t be severe enough to threaten its survival.

Diseases:

Magnolia trees may succumb to verticillium wilt, bacterial blight, and leaf spots.

How to Buy a Magnolia Tree:

Planting a Magnolia Tree

Online and offline retailers both sell seeds and trees for magnolias.

When you purchase online, you can get better deals and a greater range of selections.

Although you can’t truly inspect trees you order online until they are delivered, you might want to make sure that they originate with a money-back guarantee just in case.

Here are some suggestions for shopping for a magnolia tree in-person:

  1. Invest in plants with symmetrical branch spacing.
  2. Check the roots of the plant by slipping them out of the pot; good roots are white, not brown or discoloured.
  3. Avoid plants with leaf or stem stains.
  4. Avoid magnolias with branches that are damaged, crossing, or rubbing.
  5. Keep an eye out for injuries on the main trunk.
  6. Check out our well-chosen suggestions if you’re wanting to buy a magnolia.
  7. More than 210 different species of magnolia plants exist.
  8. As a gardener, keep in mind that your options are ultimately constrained by the area you reside in.
Little Gem:

A Southern Magnolia in miniature with all its beauty ideal for any garden.

It can be planted or used to spruce up your patio.

Bracken’s Brown Beauty:

This is an attractive cultivar of the Southern Magnolia that grows quickly, it is an evergreen variety that does well in colder climates.

Southern Magnolia:

The most popular magnolia species have fragrant, sweet flowers from early spring until summer.

Since it is evergreen, your garden will always have a lovely green tree.

FAQ- Magnolia Tree:

Q1. How quickly does a magnolia tree grow?

Your magnolia’s type will determine how quickly it grows.

The southern magnolia grows 1 to 2 feet slowly to moderately each year.

Trees that expand quickly grow 24 inches a year.

The Cucumber Magnolia and Southern Magnolia cultivars like “Smith Fogle” and “Margaret Davis” are two examples of fast-growing magnolia varieties.

Q2. Why do Magnolia trees thrive in certain regions?

The soil should be somewhat acidic, well-drained, and sunny areas sheltered from the scorching afternoon sun.

All continents except Antarctica are home to the adaptable magnolia tree.

However, early blooming, deciduous species will probably suffer cold damage.

Before choosing a magnolia for your garden, consider the traits of each variety.

Q3. Which is the best magnolia tree?

There is no such thing as a terrible magnolia; they are all beautiful.

Some cultivars are more common, such as Southern Magnolia and Star Magnolia which may allow you to choose more unusual plants for your garden, such as the yellow variety.

Q4. When should a magnolia tree be purchased?

Just before planting, purchase a magnolia.

Magnolias that remain green must be planted in the early spring.

Regarding deciduous magnolias, it depends on the local climate.

In the northern US, it is best to plant deciduous magnolias in the fall and in the southern US, it is best to plant in the spring.

Q5. What are the prices of magnolia trees?

Magnolia trees are often more expensive than other garden trees.

The price of every little magnolia tree can be as low as $25.

Magnolia seed costs less.

Q6. Do magnolia plants prefer shade or the sun?

Magnolia trees need direct sunlight to produce light shade.

It’s preferable to keep them out of the scorching midday sun in warmer climates.

Typically, locations in the north or east are better.

Q7. How quickly does a magnolia tree grow?

The size of various magnolia species can vary from 15 to 80 feet tall and up to 40 feet wide.

For magnolia trees to reach this mature height, it takes between 10 and 30 years.

Magnolias have an annual growth rate of 1-2′.

Also read: Rose Garden Ideas | Flower Garden Ideas | Lily Flower Definitive Guide

Conclusion:

Magnolia trees provide a particular touch to any yard or garden because of their exquisite beauty and remarkable adaptability.

Magnolia trees don’t need a lot of maintenance.

Even though you do need to plant them in the proper location and prevent overwatering them, they are also not as pretentious as some people may believe.

It can be difficult to pick the ideal magnolia for your yard because they all are lovely.

Before staring at the flowers and their many hues, think about how much space you have in your garden and the weather in your area.

Whichever you choose, you’ll get a beautiful tree for your effort that can become the focal point of your landscape with fragrant leaves, branches and twigs.

The time is now to plant your magnolias!

If you have your heart set on a particular magnolia, research varieties that will grow in your region’s climate.

Leave a Comment